How to Date Owens
On labels of older American whiskey bottles one can find the phrase “Bottled In Bond”. So what was “Bottled-In-Bond” or also called “bonded” whiskey? This means, it was stored in a federally bonded warehouse under US government supervision, where taxes didn’t have to be paid on it until it was bottled and removed from the warehouse for sale or was shipped to the retailer. In order to qualify for this tax relief, the whiskey had to meet certain requirements, and among these were that it had to be legally-defined straight whiskey, distilled in a single season by a single distillery, and bottled at proof. It also had to be stored in the bonded warehouse for at least four years before bottling. And the federal government which was popularly accepted as a respected authority would put its own green tax strip on every bottle until ? This, of course, didn’t guaranty high quality, but it did guaranty that the product was really whiskey. Just about years ago much of the whiskey being sold as “straight whiskey” was anything but.
Dating Owens Glass Bottles
Erie, Pennsylvania, Ships to: I do not see any cracks or chips. The steel lid does have some minor rust on it. Number on the right of the logo – “3” Year Date Code See below under date code for more information Number on the left of the Logo – “14” was the Bridgeton, NJ plant. Plant code Number on the bottom of the Logo – “15” Plant mold Number.
According to the Owens-Illinois Glass Company website, The general rule when dating glass with the O-I symbol is the number to the left of the symbol is the plant code, and to the right of the symbol lies the date code. Other numbers, such as the 7 in Exhibit C, are specific to the production plant, and letters, such as the A in Exhibit E.
A fifth trading room, located at 30 Broad Street, was closed in February , the main building and the 11 Wall Street building were designated National Historic Landmarks in The earliest recorded organization of securities trading in New York among brokers directly dealing with each other can be traced to the Buttonwood Agreement, previously securities exchange had been intermediated by the auctioneers who also conducted more mundane auctions of commodities such as wheat and tobacco.
In the stockbrokers of New York operating under the Buttonwood Agreement instituted new reforms, after sending a delegation to Philadelphia to observe the organization of their board of brokers, restrictions on manipulative trading were adopted as well as formal organs of governance. Several locations were used between and , when the present location was adopted, the invention of the electrical telegraph consolidated markets, and New Yorks market rose to dominance over Philadelphia after weathering some market panics better than other alternatives.
The Civil War greatly stimulated speculative securities trading in New York, by membership had to be capped, and has been sporadically increased since. The latter half of the century saw rapid growth in securities trading. Securities trade in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was prone to panics. The Stock Exchange Luncheon Club was situated on the floor from until its closure in It began trading under the name NYSE Group on March 8, , Wall Street is the leading US money center for international financial activities and the foremost US location for the conduct of wholesale financial services.
Foods & Canning Jars For Sale Page
I am here to clarify a bit of the mystery. Usually, the symbols are a logo for a company, and the numbers a code for where and when the particular glass item was produced. Each glass making company has their own method of labeling their products. With this hub, I am going to focus on the methods used by the Owens-Illinois O-I Company, and show you how to date your glass finds using the symbols and numbers indicative of the O-I company. I am by no means an expert on the numbers, nor am I an expert on how to date glass using the numbers, but I have done a lot of research on the subject, and I am relaying the information I have acquired along my internet travels.
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Additional links to images of similar bottles are also frequently included. The array of references used to support the conclusions and estimates found here – including the listed dating ranges – are noted. Additional information and estimates are based on the empirical observations of the content manager over 50 years of experience; this is often but not always noted.
Various terminology is used in the descriptions that may be unfamiliar if you have not studied other pages on this site. If a term is unfamiliar, first check the Bottle Glossary page for an explanation or definition. As an alternative, one can do a search of this website. A printable, 3 page, summary sheet of the major beer bottles styles described here is available as a.
Problems with spoilage confounded the long term storage and quality retention of beer making it a product that needed consumption fairly quickly after fermentation was complete. Prior to the Civil War most of the beer produced in the U. These beer types were relatively high in alcohol and more highly hopped than the later – though enormously popular – lager beer styles.
It is likely that much of the early production of bottled beer was for a heavy, high alcohol, non-carbonated product, i. There were various bottle styles used for beer during the first half of the 19th century, though the dominant theme seems to be short and squatty with a moderate length neck. This is indicated by the first three bottles pictured here, all of which represent styles that were most commonly used from or prior to the Civil War.
The earliest 19th century style of bottles were like the black glass bottle pictured above left and the deep aqua bottle pictured to the right.
By Tom Huddleston Jr. June 9, Allow us to introduce the Honorable These businesses have weathered economic turmoil and rapid innovation in their industries.
Illinois Glass Company catalog reprint – Larger format (about ” by 11″) reprint of the Illinois Glass Company “Bottles of Every Description” catalog. 60 pages which has 4 original catalog pages per page – many of the original catalogs were about the size of a modern paperback novel (though there was a larger version also).
Base codes on Owens-Illinois amber glass handled jug, or date code, made at factory B was jug style number. See list of 19 currently operating glass container plants in North America, farther down on this page. Several trademarks have been used over the years by Owens-Illinois. Most of the pics show the first and most widely recognized mark used beginning in As pictured, it can vary slightly from one container to another.
Illinois Glass Co. Catalog
Industries[ edit ] Aerospace and defense[ edit ] Dayton is designated as the state’s aerospace hub due to its high concentration of aerospace and aviation technology. In , Governor Ted Strickland designated Dayton as Ohio’s aerospace innovation hub, the first such technology hub in the state. GE Aviation , headquartered in Evendale , is a major manufacturer of aircraft engines globally.
The Owens-Illinois Glass Co. began with the merger of two of the industry giants: the Illinois Glass Co. and the Owens Glass Co. The Illinois Glass Co. was incorporated in March Glass Co. to form the largest glass company in the industry. The merger between the Owens Glass Co. and the Illinois Glass Co. brought under the.
Share Bill Lindsey discusses antique bottles , including mouth blown bottles, bitters , figurals, inks , medicines , flasks , and many other varieties. He also explains the history and methods of early bottle production, and how diggers find bottles. My uncle was in Arizona, near some of the old mining camps there. Those were the glory days of bottle digging. People had access with four-wheel drive vehicles and gas was cheap and time-off was more abundant.
Then years passed and people started really hitting the ghost towns and mining camps and logging camps of the West. Portland was the second biggest city on the coast, next to San Francisco in the mid to late s, L.
DURAGLAS BOTTLE JUG Amber Brown 1 Gallon Owens Illinois With Steel Lid
An assortment of catalogs have been used in the preparation of this website to assist with bottle dating, and in particular, bottle typing – i. A very few bottle makers catalog were reproduced in the s and s, but all are long out of print and variably difficult to obtain. However, there is no better source for determining potential use and period shape names than these old catalogs.
From to the Illinois Glass Company’s trademark was an “I” inside a diamond and “I. G. Co.” on the bottom of the bottle. From to the Owens Bottle Company’s trademark was a circle inside a square on the bottom of the bottle.
Database Home Hemingray used mold letters, dome numbers, and even oddly placed periods in some of their earlier insulators to denote which mold an insulator was produced from. However, it wasn’t until , when Hemingray was purchased by Owens-Illinois, that they began embossing their insulators with specific mold and date codes. Many different codes were used over the years, and I will attempt to explain them all here in relative order.
All known specimens are Ice Blue in color. The “4” is believed to signify In this example, “12” is the mold number.
Bottle Books For Sale Page
The bottles used for illustration are a small but diverse assortment designed to give users guidance on how to work a bottle through the dating information to answer the Homepage’s primary question 1 – What is the age of the bottle? The example bottles are tracked though the Bottle Dating page questions in that pages directed sequence. Hyperlinks in green to the specific dating questions on the Bottle Dating page are included so that a user can reference the necessary portions of that page.
Each of the green question hyperlinks result in a pop-up page showing the particular question on the Dating Page; once read it should be deleted to avoid clutter.
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Co of New Jersey Patented July 16 The familiar term Mason Jar came after its inventor, Mr. Mason, who, at age 26, was a tinsmith in New York City. He perfected a machine that could cut threads into lids, which ushered in the ability of manufacturing a jar with a reusable, screw-on, lid. These jars freed farm families from having to rely on pickle barrels, root cellars, and smoke houses to get through the winter. For urban families, Mason Jars allowed excess fruits and vegetables to be preserved for use later.
These are very rare. These jars carry the familiar embossing “Mason’s Patent Nov. This date refers to the original patent date, not the actual date of manufacture. Jars carrying this embossing, often with other monograms, numbers, letters, etc. Most were produced in the s s. The identities of many actual manufacturers are unknown. Value depends on embossing, color and size.
History[ edit ] The original factory was in an old glass factory in Martins Ferry, Ohio in The first year for glass production was From to , the designs made there were heavily influenced by two other glass companies: But the many different colors were the work of Jacob Rosenthal, a famous glass chemist who is known for developing chocolate and golden agate glass.
Oct 10, · Promotions within the company are done through lunching and dating with executives (especially if the subalterns are women) and building outside-office relationships with these ones. That is why most of the managers and employees have a very low level of skills and : Former Employee – Anonymous Employee.
Please read the Important Information for Buyers section on the main “Bottles For Sale” page for complete buyer information. A note on bottle books: Like with all collectibles and antiques, good advice is always to “Buy the book before the bottle. Beyond that, the history behind the glass companies that made the bottles – as well as the individuals and businesses that ordered and used the bottles – is simply fascinating The bottle books listed for sale here are selected for their utility in the fascinating field of identifying and dating American made bottles generally made by hand, i.
Virtually all of these books are out of print and variably hard to obtain, but are still of high utility because of the historical information that they contain. There are no old purely price guides here – those types of books become quickly out of date and then are simply useless lists of bottles with no real utility. Bottle books with historical information about the makers of bottles, the processes involved in producing bottles, and the companies and individuals that purchased and utilized the bottles never loose their value, though the information may be later refined or added to by others.
Those are the books found here. In the end, isn’t it the history behind the bottles that intrigues we collectors and archaeologists? Please note that for most of the books listed I only have the one copy listed available for sale; once it is sold it likely would be hard to replace and may not appear for sale again here for some time.
New England Glass Company is formed. William Libbey joins New England Glass. Company is renamed W. Libbey and Son, Proprietors. Company moves to Toledo, Ohio.
Consolidated hired other glass makers to blow their jars, including the Clyde Glass Works, Clyde, New York, the Whitney Glass Works of Glassboro, New Jersey, and the A. & D. H. Chambers Company of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
To the left of the mark is a one- or two-digit number that identifies the plant that produced the bottle. Toulouse provided a table on page reproduced in this article that identified all the Owens-Illinois plant codes. To the left of the mark is a one- or two-digit date code, and a mold code also numerals appears below the mark.
Both archaeologists and collectors, however, have been perplexed that the single-digit date codes could reflect either the s or s. For example, a date code of 2 could indicate or According to Toulouse, however, bottle production apparently began in , so that eliminates the question of whether a single 9 would indicate or While looking at the amber beer bases from the El Paso excavation, I noticed an interesting change in bottles marked with a zero 0. Because Prohibition was not lifted until , this meant that bottles marked with a zero were probably from However, many of the bottles had a zero followed by a period.
These also had embossed stippling in the form of numerous tiny dots on the bases. All bases marked 1. As noted by Toulouse On beer bottles, it was used in conjunction with stippling. Subsequent observation revealed that this combination of one-digit numbers and periods were to be found on soda and milk bottles as well.